A rank marked with ’=‘ indicates the value is tied for that rank. February 19, 1998: WA's highest recorded temperature of 50.5 is set at Mardie. The first days of December saw a cool spell with record low summer daily maximum temperature at a handfull of stations in Victoria, Tasmania, and elevated locations in New South Wales. High Temp: 80 °F. Veronica moved very close to the coast, west of Port Hedland at category 3 strength on the 24th, and remained near-stationary for the next 24 hours before tracking westwards and weakening to below tropical cyclone strength by the 26th. The remnants of the ex-tropical cyclone continued to produce rainfall over the east of the Northern Territory and western Queensland, and contributed to heavy rainfall over eastern Australia associated with the passage of a trough and cold front at the end of the month. Several datasets have been developed from this archive to identify, monitor and attribute changes in the Australian climate. Record highs; January 2, 1960: SA's (and Australia's) highest temp on record of 50.7 is set at Oodnadatta. Temperature area averages are derived from the ACORN-SAT version 2 dataset. The Seasonal Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Australia They were the highest on record for much of Western Australia away from the coast, extending into northwest South Australia and the southwest of the Northern Territory, northern and eastern New South Wales, and southeastern Queensland, and an area of the Victoria River District in the Northern Territory. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 58°F to 87°F and is rarely below 51°F or above 93°F . The background warming trend can only be explained by human influence on the global climate. In addition to the influence of natural drivers, Australia's climate is increasingly affected by global warming and natural variability takes place on top of this background trend. All Year Climate & Weather Averages in Perth. Temperature values from the observational datasets commence in 1880 for NOAAGlobalTemp and GISTEMP and in 1850 for HadCRUT4, while the two reanalysis datasets commence in 1958 for JRA and 1979 for ERA. Three of the eleven tropical cyclones crossed the coast (Owen, Weather Today Weather Hourly 14 Day Forecast Yesterday/Past Weather Climate (Averages) Currently: 75 °F. With low streamflows and limited runoff, there were only marginal increases to storages across the Southern Basin during the year and no meaningful inflows in the Northern Basin where storages remained extremely low or close to empty. The sea surface temperature (SST) varies much more slowly than atmospheric temperatures due to the heat capacity of water. Both days exceed the previous record of 40.30 °C set on 7 January 2013. Although every period of rainfall deficiency is different, the extraordinarily low rainfall experienced this year has been comparable to that seen in the driest periods in Australia's recorded history, including the Federation Drought and the Millenium Drought. Trees were felled, raised dust reduced visibility, and power was lost to 76 000 premises. Trevor moved across the Cape York Peninsula and re-intensified over the Gulf of Carpentaria before making a second landfall east of Port McArthur in the Northern Territory as a category 4 system on the 23rd. Further property losses occurred during the month in both New South Wales and Queensland, and several lives were lost in New South Wales. Several fires became very large, including in Bunyip State Park southeast of Melbourne, at Yinnar South in South Gippsland, in Alpine National Park at Licola, northwest of Dargo, and near Omeo. Impacts on the wider community, including power infrastructure, agriculture and human wellbeing, stretched resources of utilities, health agencies, and emergency services. Rainfall was generally below average over large areas of the country for the remainder of the year, and particularly low over mainland southern Australia from July onwards. Several fires had also started in October and November, particularly in the northeast quarter of the State, and some continued to burn for several weeks. In the region near Tenterfield, on 9 October the Long Gully Road fire near Drake joined with the western edge of the Busbys Flat fire near Rappville. The SES responded to 1279 requests for assistance across Sydney and the Blue Mountains. Severe tropical cyclone Veronica caused major flooding in the Pilbara, resulting in extensive disruption to shipping and onshore industry, while Trevor set daily rainfall record for March in some parts of northern Queensland, and displaced people from a number of remote communities along the western Gulf coast. By the 11th, QFES had confirmed properties had been lost at Binna Burra, Applethorpe and Stanthorpe, Sarabah, Peregian Beach, and near Mareeba in the Atherton Tablelands. A gust front associated with a line of thunderstorms developed over western parts of Victoria on 6 February. This means 2019 is on track to become the second-warmest year on record for global mean temperatures since 1880. Very much cooler than average monthly mean SSTs were seen to the south of the Indonesian island of Sumatra in October and November, when the event was at its strongest, with some areas coolest on record for their respective months. In New South Wales there were two significant fires in the northeast of the State: at Tingha, and at Tabulam, west of Casino. The notable warmth of 2017, 2018, and 2019 occurred without the presence of El Niño (which typically boosts global temperatures). Heavy rainfall continued into early February, with above average monthly totals across northern Queensland. Persistent warmth during 2019 was driven by a combination of the long-term warming trend and natural climate drivers including a very strong and long-lived positive Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). Subsequent quality control and the availability of additional data may result in minor changes to final values. Dangerous fire weather conditions in early November had led to renewed fire activity in New South Wales and eastern Queensland, with the fires continuing to burn throughout December. April rainfall was above average for parts of the Gascoyne in Western Australia, the Top End, inland Queensland and northwestern New South Wales; for the southeastern mainland the month was much drier than average. For a number of locations records were set for the warmest day for any time of the year. You will find that the temperatures in Outback Australia are not hot all the time. The effect of the frost was compounded by antecedent low rainfall, and high temperatures following frost early in the month, as well as crops being at a vulnerable stage of development. Severe tropical cyclone Veronica was named in the early hours of 20 March while well offshore to the northwest of Western Australia. Winter to spring is traditionally a filling period for water storages across southern and southeastern Australia. Australia weather. Around 2500 people from remote communities along the Northern Territory's western Gulf coast were evacuated into temporary accommodation ahead of the cyclone's landfall. Unless otherwise noted, all maps, graphs and diagrams in this page are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Australia Licence, This page was created at 15:13 on Sunday 13 December 2020 (UTC), © Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 2020, Bureau of Meteorology (ABN 92 637 533 532) | CRICOS Provider 02015K | Disclaimer | Privacy | Accessibility, Table of annual national rainfall, temperature, and sea surface temperature anomalies and ranks, NOAA Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature dataset, ERSST v5, World Meteorological Organization Provisional statement on the State of the Global Climate in 2019, Creative Commons Attribution Australia Licence, Australia's warmest year on record, with the annual national mean temperature 1.52 °C above average, Both mean annual maximum and minimum temperatures above average for all States and the Northern Territory, Annual national mean maximum temperature warmest on record (2.09 °C above average), Widespread warmth throughout the year; January, February, March, April, July, October, and December all amongst the ten warmest on record for Australian mean temperature for their respective months, Significant heatwaves in January and in December, Nationally-averaged rainfall 40% below average for the year at 277.6 mm, Rainfall below average for most of Australia, Rainfall above average for parts of Queensland's northwest and northern tropics, Much of Australia affected by drought, which was especially severe in New South Wales and southern Queensland, Widespread severe fire weather throughout the year; national annual accumulated Forest Fire Danger Index highest since 1950, when national records began, One of the strongest positive Indian Ocean Dipole events on record; El Niño–Southern Oscillation neutral throughout the year, Warmest year on record; mean temperature +1.52 °C, Warmest year on record for New South Wales and Western Australia; amongst top ten warmest for Victoria, Queensland, South Australia and the Northern Territory, Highest annual mean maximum temperature on record for Sydney, Canberra, Brisbane, and Hobart, Australia's driest year on record, annual total rainfall 40% below average, One of the strongest positive Indian Ocean Dipole events on record, Late monsoon onset at Darwin in 2018–19 and 2019–20 seasons, Second-warmest year on record for the Northern Territory, Annual rainfall second-lowest on record for the Northern Territory, Significant rainfall deficiencies across the South West Land Division, Frost events in September caused damage to crops in southwest Western Australia, Warmest year on record for Western Australia, Annual rainfall second-lowest on record for Western Australia, Very large bushfires across southeast Queensland from September until the end of the year, Large areas of flooding in Queensland's tropical coast, including around Townsville, from late January into early February; and also in the Gulf Country and western Queensland from February into April, Severe storms with heavy rain and giant hail in southeast Queensland in November, and in early December, Sixth-warmest year on record for Queensland, Annual mean maximum temperature highest on record for Brisbane, Significant rainfall deficiencies across New South Wales and southern Queensland; driest year on record for the Murray–Darling Basin, Very large bushfires across eastern New South Wales from September until the end of the year, Smoke affected many communities for prolonged periods from September, Severe storms across New South Wales in late November, Warmest year on record for New South Wales, Annual mean maximum temperature highest on record for Sydney, Annual rainfall lowest on record for New South Wales, Most significant filling for Lake Eyre / Kati Thanda since 2010–11, Second-warmest year on record for South Australia, Annual rainfall lowest on record for South Australia, Heatwaves in January and December; high temperature records set across much of Australia, including Australia's warmest day on record on 18 December, July–December rainfall lowest on record for southern Australia, Coolest August mean minimum temperatures on record for parts of the inland southeast, Significant rainfall deficiencies for Gippsland, Bushfires in Gippsland and northeast Victoria from summer to autumn, and also for Gippsland from spring into December, Fifth-warmest year on record for Victoria, Annual rainfall tenth-lowest on record for Victoria, Large bushfires across remote and wilderness areas of Tasmania during summer and autumn, Annual mean maximum temperature highest on record for Hobart. Power outages affected around 13 000 premises in the west and central regions of the State, and the northern suburbs of Melbourne. The delayed northern Australian monsoon saw heat build over the north, which persisted through much of summer. Mean Temp: 65 °F. Major flooding occurred in a number of Gulf rivers, including the Cloncurry, Leichardt, Flinders, and Norman rivers, with resulting damage to communities, infrastructure, and extensive stock losses. Major flooding across western Queensland which had started in February, and was extended by heavy rainfall associated with ex-tropical cyclone Trevor at the end of March, continued into April. The Victorian SES received more than 500 calls, mostly due to fallen trees and some building damage, while the New South Wales SES received close to 300 calls, mostly from the Illawarra and South Coast. Large pools of water inundated paddocks around Tooradin, with some linked to channels; beaches were eroded at Fremantle, Geraldton, and Lancelin, and Busselton jetty was almost completely submerged. Temperatures in the mid to high 40s were observed across large areas, in cases for several consecutive days, including at Perth where temperatures reached 40 to 41 degrees each day from the 13th to 15th. A bushfire 10 km north of Timbarra, in East Gippsland, began around the 16th. Trevor brought widespread heavy rainfall across Cape York Peninsula and Queensland's north tropical coast, as well as heavy rainfall about the southern coast of the Gulf. Over a metre of snow fell at Spencers Creek during the month, mostly between the 6th and the 13th. SSTs were above average to highest on record for large areas of the broader Australian region in the west of the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean. A couple of stations in Western Australia also observed a record wet day for summer on 10 February. The fire was under control by the 26th and had burnt through over 13 000 hectares by the end of January though was still burning into February. Mean maximum temperatures were the warmest on record at 2.09 °C above average, also well above the previous record, which was +1.59 °C in 2013. While fewer records were set in inland Queensland, areas of the south and west experienced temperatures exceeding 45 °C on multiple days. Unusually late tropical activity in May contributed to above average rainfall for the far northern tropics, extending across the Northern Territory into Central Australia. Even though 2019 was not as warm as the record set in 2016, the five warmest years on record are the most recent five years. A cold front and a low pressure system that crossed Victoria on 9 and 10 May brought heavy rainfall and flash flooding to Ballarat and Geelong, as well as snowfalls in the Victorian Alps. Although the summer is normally not hot, and sometimes can be cool, at times, there can be heatwaves, when the winds blow from the north, ie from the red-hot Australian desert. More details can be found in the report on severe tropical cyclone Veronica. Severe thunderstorms, associated with a coastal trough, produced giant hail, flash flooding, and heavy falls across Greater Sydney on the evening of 14 March. Each city, except Sydney, had rainfall totals in the driest 10% of years. Major flood levels were recorded across the Channel Country catchments (Georgina/Eyre, Diamantina, and Thomson/Barcoo/Cooper). There were other dust storms during February, the most notable of which was on the 12th when dust stretched around 1500 km from southwestern Queensland into southeastern Australia, affecting northern Victoria, Canberra, and crossing New South Wales before extending well offshore from the central coast as the associated trough and frontal system tracked out to sea. Severe tropical cyclone Trevor was named off the east coast of Queensland's Cape York Peninsula early on 18 March, then intensified rapidly before making landfall just south of Lockhart River at category 3 strength on the 19th. The ocean waters around Australia have also warmed significantly over the past century, and have been very warm consistently across the past two decades. More details on dangerous bushfire weather and heat in spring 2019 can be found in the related Special Climate Statement. A cool change which ended the warm spell also resulted in some stations in South Australia observing record cool days for summer on 5 January. In the low-lying regions of western Queensland, floodwaters spilled from the Flinders River into neighbouring catchments. The end of the year was especially dry, with November and December the driest on record for their respective months nationally. Over the following days, heavy falls had spread further south to the Central Coast and Whitsundays and inland across the northwestern regions of Queensland. More details on the fires and associated weather conditions can be found in Special Climate Statement Severe fire weather conditions in southeast Queensland and northeast New South Wales in September 2019. The area burnt in the 2018–19 season was the second largest on record for Tasmania, and the largest since at least 1967. Dry soils also limit surface runoff, because water is absorbed into the soil. Autumn (March – May) Numerous other fires were also started by lightning early in the month, including at Rosedale, Timbarra, Walhalla, Aberfeldy, and Cambarville. Sydney’s rainfall is highest between March and June. Temperature in Australia increased to 28.06 celsius in December from 26.95 celsius in November of 2015. Significant heat affected large parts of central and southern Australia from 12 December as a slow-moving high over the Great Australian Bight allowed heat to build over the continent. Occasionally temperatures can soar to 40°C (104°F). For the Tasman Sea region as a whole, mean SSTs were the third-warmest on record (+0.86 °C for 2019, behind +0.96 °C in 2016, and +0.87 °C in 2018). ANNUAL JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEARS # CITIES ; Average Temperature (F) 63.4: 73.4: 73.1: 70: 64.4: 58.5: 53.8: 52.4: 54.4: 58.6: 63.4: 67.8: 71.4 By the end of 2019 water storage in the Northern Murray–Darling Basin had dropped to less than 7% of capacity. Warm and windy conditions during spring to early summer led to repeated periods of severe fire weather, with very large bushfires affecting eastern Australia from September, with many fires continuing to burn after the end of the year. Destructive cyclones caused significant impacts in many places, including east Africa in March (Idai), the Bahamas in September (Dorian), and Japan in October (Hagibis). Inflows into Lake Eyre / Kati Thanda from earlier in the year had left the Lake about half covered, with further inflows into Lake Eyre / Kati Thanda continuing throughout April, May, and June. During the afternoon and early evening on 10 July cold fronts brought strong to gale force northwesterly winds to southern South Australia ahead of the front, followed by squally winds, heavy showers and thunderstorms with the passage of the front itself. Temperature ; Mean maximum temperature (°C) 31.2: 31.6: 29.6: 25.9: 22.3: 19.5: 18.5: 19.1: … The cold outbreak brought widespread heavy snow to many elevated areas in New South Wales and Victoria. Evacuations were ordered for parts of Beechmont and Binna Burra in the Gold Coast Hinterland, and Stanthorpe and Applethorpe in the Granite Belt. Both of these values exceed the previous record of 40.30 °C set on 7 January 2013. The SES responded to 74 requests for assistance, most related to downed trees and other wind related damage. Low visibility from the thick dust created hazardous road conditions and South Australian Police closed the Augusta Highway near Port Wakefield for a period. Rainfall was also below average for the Top End of the Northern Territory; areas of the Kimberley, northwest, and south coast of Western Australia; areas of Queensland's northern tropics; pockets of southeast New South Wales and eastern Victoria; and areas of the eastern half of Tasmania. Some rain from this event made its way to Lake Eyre / Kati Thanda in South Australia, joining floodwaters from other events earlier in the year. The previous warmest year on record was 2016 (+0.62 °C), and eight of the last ten years have been amongst the ten warmest on record. Research by the Bureau shows that climate change has contributed to an increased frequency and severity of extreme heat, heatwaves and elevated fire danger. Global ocean heat content in the upper 700 m and upper 2000 m) has been at or near record high levels during 2019, with the average for the year so far exceeding the previous record highs set in 2018 (see World Meteorological Organization Provisional statement on the State of the Global Climate in 2019). All tropical cyclones existing between 1 July and 30 June the following year count towards the season total. Coming on the back of long-term rainfall deficiencies which had already led to a drying of the landscape, and in conjunction with the very warm temperatures, dangerous fire weather resulted across much of eastern and southern Australia. A hail storm in the Riverland District of South Australia on the evening of 4 November caused crop damage along a narrow band between Murray Bridge and Renmark. — Seasonal Climate Summary for Australia — Product Code IDCKGC1A00, Temperatures Sydney had many months with below-average rainfall, but also some wet months; its annual total rainfall was in the driest 15% of years. The Bureau of Meteorology has released its annual summer climate outlook, forecasting above-average daytime temperatures across parts of south-east and far-west Australia… The end of year period brought particularly challenging weather, with the FFDI for individual days the highest on record for December, and in some cases for any month, on 30 and 31 December over areas of southeastern Australia and Tasmania.