Indeed, bees have been capitalizing on cottonwoodâs gifts for time immemorial. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) â grows in eastern U.S. and southern Canada, Black cottonwood (Populus balsamifera) â grows west of the Rocky Mountains, Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) â grows from California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. These same shallow roots wreak havoc with sidewalks and driveways. City planners also use cottonwood trees for urban areas because of their hardiness, low maintenance, and ornamental look. Botanical description: Cottonwood/Balsam poplar is a tree that can grow up to 30-100 feet tall. Photo by: Maryann Glen for U.S. If you are harvesting ideal buds, they are going to be resinous and sticky. In areas with enough space, such as a ranch or acreage, a cottonwood makes a beautiful addition to a landscape. He also uses the shredded inner bark as a tinder bundle. Accessed December 27, 2015. No, this isnât for the after party. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Mazzio, Elizabeth A, and Karam F A Soliman. Information found on this website is meant for educational purposes only. Find out all you need to know about underplanting from a garden expert. Other years I head to the open irrigation ditches. There are many mixed feelings in regards to Cottonwood as firewood. Very few people actually have hay fever due to cottonwoods (instead they are more likely reacting to grass pollen). Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology / launched by the Allergy and Immunology Society of Thailand 22, no. It can be scraped off and eaten, cooked in strips like … Journal of Ethnopharmacology 29, no. Every other salve from the same time period had gone rancid, but the cottonwood smelled as divine as the day I had made it. Modern taxonomists tell us that there are three main species in the âAigeirosâ (cottonwood) section of the Poplar genus: P. nigra, P. deltoides, P. fremontii. Spruce up your outdoor space with products handpicked by HGTV editors. 1 (1990): doi:10.1016/0378-8741(90)90098-e. Kadocsa, E, I Bittera, and M JuhÃ¡sz. Herbalists also use the buds and bark of cottonwood to treat aches and pains, skin health and other uses. The long sturdy trunks of cottonwoods were made into canoes as well as providing structure for homes. 9 (2011): doi:10.1021/jf104791t. Every spring, the county comes through and mows down the cottonwood trees, leaving a treasure of buds in their wake. Wood - soft, weak, light, rather woolly in texture, without smell or taste, of low flammability, not durable, very resistant to abrasion. Individual trees are quite variable in staple length and fiber quality, suggesting that varieties that are especially good could be selected for and/or bred. "[Aeropollinologic and Allergologic Studies for the Clarification of "poplar Tree Hay Fever"]." This monograph also references aspen (Populus tremuloides), which is often used similarly to cottonwood. http://owic.oregonstate.edu/black-cottonwood-populus-trichocarpa. It's every bit as strong as cotton, and the staple length is fine for spinning a high-twist yarn, plus the nicest trees produce a fiber that has a nice luster to it. It is a relatively short-lived tree, seldom surviving for more than 80 years. The young twigs are peeled and split then used in basket making. The Menominee put the resinous buds in fat which was then used in the nostrils for a head cold, and they used a decoction of resinous buds in fat as a salve for wounds. cottonwood, is a fast-growing tree which reaches 80 to l00 feet in height and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. Pioneer homesteaders planted the fast-growing trees as windbreaks, cut them for fence posts and firewood, and worked the wood into baskets and boxes. Wien Med Wochenschr 157, no. In my northern latitude, honey bees hunker down for the winter, finally emerging with the first warm days of spring. The catkins then grow into green fruits that grow in drupes. "Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Poplar Bud (Populus Nigra) Extract: Individual Antioxidant Contribution of Phenolics and Transcriptional Effect on Skin Aging." A look at the most popular landscaping trees for residential landscaping projects. This can be taken as a mouth wash (diluted), as a resinous band-aid for wounds, or internally for a variety of infections (I admittedly have less experience with this, but I have included dosage and preparation suggestions from Michael Moore below). The rapid growth that makes some folks cheer for cottonwood is also a negative, because the wood is brittle, leading to breaking branches and plenty of twigs to collect before mowing. Contact dermatitis 52, no. The only way to easily get the resin off is by using high proof alcohol to dissolve it. Others may order fresh or dried herbs from herbal farmers like Ancestree Herbals or online apothecaries like Mountain Rose Herbs. I learned two things from this experience: 1. Hereâs my best tip for harvesting your own cottonwood buds: bring a little bottle of high-proof alcohol. Cottonwood is used to make storage boxes and crates, paper, matchsticks, and plywood. "Contemporary Use of Bark for Medicine by Two Salishan Native Elders of Southeast Vancouver Island, Canada." Choose the best herb for you!The secret to using herbs successfully begins with knowing who YOU are.